Patients who experience numbness or a loss of movement in their legs and feet may be suffering from nerve damage in those areas. While there are multiple chronic diseases that can cause nerve damage, diabetes is one of the most common causes. Other diseases that can cause nerve damage include kidney disorders, hypothyroidism, vitamin deficiencies, and diseases that cause chronic inflammation. Physical trauma, alcohol, infections, autoimmune diseases, and certain medications can also cause nerve damage.
Aside from a loss of sensation and movement in the legs and feet, nerve damage can also manifest as feelings of tingling, buzzing, pins-and-needles, sharp or stabbing pains, weakness, heaviness, or excessive sweating. Anyone who is experiencing such symptoms over a prolonged period of time should seek medical care immediately.
Nerve damage can be diagnosed through a variety of methods. After performing a physical and asking about the patient’s medical history, your health provider may also perform a blood test, order a CT scan or MRI, or order a nerve biopsy. Diagnosis will vary from patient to patient.
Treatment for nerve damage will depend on the underlying cause of the condition. It is important to consult with a medical professional, as he or she will determine the best treatment for you. Options may range from prescription medications, pain medications, medical treatments, and casts or splints. In rare cases, surgery may be required.