Wearing certain types of high heels may cause a bunion to develop. Additionally, it can come from wearing any type of shoe that has inadequate room for the toes to move freely in. Genetic factors may play a significant role in developing a bunion, in addition to having specific types of medical conditions. It is defined as a large, bony protrusion that gradually forms on the bottom of the big toe, and is considered to be a deformity. Common symptoms that are noticed can include skin that is hard and callused that forms on top of the bunion, and the shape of the foot may appear different. The services of a podiatrist can include an X-ray, which is taken to determine the presence of a bunion, followed by offering correct treatment options, which may include surgery for permanent removal. If you are afflicted with a bunion, it is suggested that you seek the counsel of a podiatrist for proper care.
What Is a Bunion?
Bunions are painful bony bumps that usually develop on the inside of the foot at the joint of the big toe. As the deformity increases over time, it may become painful to walk and wear shoes. Women are more likely to exacerbate existing bunions since they often wear tight, narrow shoes that shift their toes together. Bunion pain can be relieved by wearing wider shoes with enough room for the toes.
- Genetics – some people inherit feet that are more prone to bunion development
- Inflammatory Conditions - rheumatoid arthritis and polio may cause bunion development
- Redness and inflammation
- Pain and tenderness
- Callus or corns on the bump
- Restricted motion in the big toe
In order to diagnose your bunion, your podiatrist may ask about your medical history, symptoms, and general health. Your doctor might also order an x-ray to take a closer look at your feet. Nonsurgical treatment options include orthotics, padding, icing, changes in footwear, and medication. If nonsurgical treatments don’t alleviate your bunion pain, surgery may be necessary.
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Westfield and Newark, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.Read more about Bunions
The Achilles tendon is located in the back of the leg. It connects the heel to the calf muscles, and is responsible for pointing and flexing the foot. There are several reasons why an Achilles tendon injury can develop. These can include frequently participating in running and jumping activities, wearing high heels for most of the day, or not warming up before exercising. Many patients experience common symptoms which consist of a sharp pain in the back of the heel, the inability to point and flex the foot, and the affected area may appear swollen. If you have endured this type of injury, mild relief may be found when the foot is elevated, and it can help to wear a brace to stabilize the heel. If you would like to learn more about effective methods to treat an Achilles tendon injury, please speak with a podiatrist.
Achilles tendon injuries need immediate attention to avoid future complications. If you have any concerns, contact one of our podiatrists of Westfield Foot & Ankle Specialists. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
What Is the Achilles Tendon?
The Achilles tendon is a tendon that connects the lower leg muscles and calf to the heel of the foot. It is the strongest tendon in the human body and is essential for making movement possible. Because this tendon is such an integral part of the body, any injuries to it can create immense difficulties and should immediately be presented to a doctor.
What Are the Symptoms of an Achilles Tendon Injury?
There are various types of injuries that can affect the Achilles tendon. The two most common injuries are Achilles tendinitis and ruptures of the tendon.
Achilles Tendinitis Symptoms
- Dull to severe pain
- Increased blood flow to the tendon
- Thickening of the tendon
- Extreme pain and swelling in the foot
- Total immobility
Treatment and Prevention
Achilles tendon injuries are diagnosed by a thorough physical evaluation, which can include an MRI. Treatment involves rest, physical therapy, and in some cases, surgery. However, various preventative measures can be taken to avoid these injuries, such as:
- Thorough stretching of the tendon before and after exercise
- Strengthening exercises like calf raises, squats, leg curls, leg extensions, leg raises, lunges, and leg presses
If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Westfield and Newark, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.Read more about Achilles Tendon Injuries
A common foot condition that can cause pain and discomfort is known as cracked heels. Many people may suffer from this ailment, and in severe cases, may experience bleeding. Cracked heels may develop due to wearing shoes that have an open back, or from standing for long periods of time throughout the day. Some people have existing medical conditions that may lead to the formation of cracked heels. These conditions can include thyroid disease, psoriasis, or certain vitamin deficiencies. Additionally, the feet bear the weight of the body, and patients who are overweight may develop cracked heels due to the excess weight. The most noticeable symptoms typically consist of visible cracks in the skin that have become dry. Some patients may also experience a loss of feeling if an infection has begun. If you are afflicted with cracked heels, it is strongly suggested that you speak with a podiatrist as quickly as possible, who can determine what the best treatment techniques are for relief.
If the skin on your feet starts to crack, you may want to see a podiatrist to find treatment. If you have any concerns, contact one of our podiatrists from Westfield Foot & Ankle Specialists. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
It is important to moisturize your cracked heels in order to prevent pain, bleeding, and infection. The reason cracked heels form is because the skin on the foot is too dry to support the immense pressure placed on them. When the foot expands, the dry skin on the foot begins to split.
Ways to Help Heal Them
- Invest in a good foot cream
- Try Using Petroleum Jelly
- Ease up on Soaps
- Drink Plenty of Water
Ways to Prevent Cracked Heels
- Moisturize After Showering
- Skip a Shower
- Keep Shower Water Lukewarm
- Don’t Scrub Your Feet
If you are unsure how to proceed in treating cracked heels, seek guidance from a podiatrist. Your doctor will help you with any questions or information you may need.
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Westfield and Newark, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.Read more about Solutions for Cracked Heels
The foot is made up of 26 bones. When tiny cracks form in the bones, a stress fracture develops, which is typically brought upon by repetitive force or overuse. Some common causes for this condition include walking or running on uneven surfaces, sudden movements that place the feet in unnatural positions, and repeatedly jumping up or down. With that being said, it’s very common for athletes to develop stress fracture, as they often participate in activities that involve the movements listed above. Systemic conditions such as osteoporosis, may also affect the likelihood of developing a stress fracture as this condition may weaken the bones. For more information on how to treat this condition, it’s suggested that you seek the professional advice of a podiatrist.
Stress fractures occur when there is a tiny crack within a bone. To learn more, contact one of our podiatrists from Westfield Foot & Ankle Specialists. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain free and on your feet.
How Are They Caused?
Stress fractures are the result of repetitive force being placed on the bone. Since the lower leg and feet often carry most of the body’s weight, stress fractures are likely to occur in these areas. If you rush into a new exercise, you are more likely to develop a stress fracture since you are starting too much, too soon. Pain resulting from stress fractures may go unnoticed at first, however it may start to worsen over time.
- Gender – They are more commonly found in women compared to men.
- Foot Problems – People with unusual arches in their feet are more likely to develop stress fractures.
- Certain Sports – Dancers, gymnasts, tennis players, runners, and basketball players are more likely to develop stress fractures.
- Lack of Nutrients – A lack of vitamin D and calcium may weaken the bones and make you more prone to stress fractures
- Weak Bones – Osteoporosis can weaken the bones therefore resulting in stress fractures
Stress fractures do not always heal properly, so it is important that you seek help from a podiatrist if you suspect you may have one. Ignoring your stress fracture may cause it to worsen, and you may develop chronic pain as well as additional fractures.
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Westfield and Newark, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.Read more about Stress Fractures of the Foot and Ankle