Research has indicated that the majority of infants are born with flat feet, and the arch will generally be fully formed by approximately ten years of age. There is a small percentage of children where this does not occur, and surgery can be an option that may help to form the arch. There are common symptoms that are typically associated with flat feet. These can consist of pain and discomfort on the inside of the ankle, the arches of your foot, the calf, and the outside of your foot. Existing medical conditions may prevent an arch from developing. These conditions can often include specific types of arthritis, cerebral palsy, or obesity. If you believe you are afflicted with flat feet, it is strongly suggested that you are under the care of a podiatrist who can offer you correct treatment options.
What Are Flat Feet?
Flatfoot is a condition in which the arch of the foot is depressed and the sole of the foot is almost completely in contact with the ground. About 20-30% of the population generally has flat feet because their arches never formed during growth.
Conditions & Problems:
Having flat feet makes it difficult to run or walk because of the stress placed on the ankles.
Alignment – The general alignment of your legs can be disrupted, because the ankles move inward which can cause major discomfort.
Knees – If you have complications with your knees, flat feet can be a contributor to arthritis in that area.
- Pain around the heel or arch area
- Trouble standing on the tip toe
- Swelling around the inside of the ankle
- Flat look to one or both feet
- Having your shoes feel uneven when worn
If you are experiencing pain and stress on the foot you may weaken the posterior tibial tendon, which runs around the inside of the ankle.
If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Westfield and Newark, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.Read more about Flat Feet
Common symptoms of toenail fungus include yellowed and thickened nails. In severe cases, the nail may crack and lift off of the nail bed, which can appear unsightly. It is caused by a fungus that lives and thrives in warm and moist environments, and is often found in public swimming pools, locker rooms, and surrounding areas. There may be existing medical conditions that can also contribute to the onset of toenail fungus. These can include diabetes, a weakened immune system, or from a previous toe injury. There are steps that can be taken which may help to prevent toenail fungus from developing. These can consist of trimming the toenails correctly and keeping them clean, in addition to washing and drying the feet thoroughly. If you have been afflicted with toenail fungus, it is strongly suggested that you consult with a podiatrist who can offer the best treatment techniques for you.
Toenail Fungus Treatment
Toenail fungus is a condition that affects many people and can be especially hard to get rid of. Fortunately, there are several methods to go about treating and avoiding it.
Antifungals & Deterrence
Oral antifungal medicine has been shown to be effective in many cases. It is important to consult with a podiatrist to determine the proper regiment for you, or potentially explore other options.
Applying foot powder on the feet and shoes helps keep the feet free of moisture and sweat.
Sandals or open toed shoes – Wearing these will allow air movement and help keep feet dry. They also expose your feet to light, which fungus cannot tolerate. Socks with moisture wicking material also help as well.
If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Westfield and Newark, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.Read more about Treating Toenail Fungus
Excess levels of uric acid in the bloodstream may lead to a painful arthritic condition that is known as gout. These particular levels can become elevated as a result of eating foods that have large amounts of purines in them, which can include red meat and seafood. Additionally, foods that have a high sugar content may lead to the development of gout. Common symptoms that are often associated with this condition can include extreme pain on the side of the big toe, swelling, and difficulty walking. There may be existing factors that can lead to the development of gout. These factors can consist of genetic reasons, being overweight, or consuming excess alcohol. Mild relief may be found when anti-inflammatory medicine is taken. If you are routinely affected with gout, it is suggested that you consult with a podiatrist who can properly treat this condition.
Gout is a foot condition that requires certain treatment and care. If you are seeking treatment, contact one of our podiatrists from Westfield Foot & Ankle Specialists. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.
What Is Gout?
Gout is a type of arthritis caused by a buildup of uric acid in the bloodstream. It often develops in the foot, especially the big toe area, although it can manifest in other parts of the body as well. Gout can make walking and standing very painful and is especially common in diabetics and the obese.
People typically get gout because of a poor diet. Genetic predisposition is also a factor. The children of parents who have had gout frequently have a chance of developing it themselves.
Gout can easily be identified by redness and inflammation of the big toe and the surrounding areas of the foot. Other symptoms include extreme fatigue, joint pain, and running high fevers. Sometimes corticosteroid drugs can be prescribed to treat gout, but the best way to combat this disease is to get more exercise and eat a better diet.
If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Westfield and Newark, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.Read more about Gout
Patients who experience severe pain on the bottom of the foot may have a plantar wart. Some patients have described the feeling as similar to stepping on a small stone, and can be quite uncomfortable. It is caused by a virus and is considered to be contagious. This type of virus lives and thrives in warm and moist environments, which can include public swimming pools, locker rooms, and surrounding areas. It typically develops on the ball or heel of the foot, and may cause difficulty walking. It appears as a patch of white skin, which may have small black dots in its center. If you have developed a plantar wart, it is advised that you consult with a podiatrist who can offer you effective treatment options.
Plantar warts can be very uncomfortable. If you need your feet checked, contact one of our podiatrists from Westfield Foot & Ankle Specialists. Our doctors will assist you with all of your foot and ankle needs.
About Plantar Warts
Plantar warts are the result of HPV, or human papillomavirus, getting into open wounds on the feet. They are mostly found on the heels or balls of the feet.
While plantar warts are generally harmless, those experiencing excessive pain or those suffering from diabetes or a compromised immune system require immediate medical care. Plantar warts are easily diagnosed, usually through scraping off a bit of rough skin or by getting a biopsy.
- Lesions on the bottom of your feet, usually rough and grainy
- Hard or thick callused spots
- Wart seeds, which are small clotted blood vessels that look like little black spots
- Pain, discomfort, or tenderness of your feet when walking or standing
- Electric tool removal
- Laser Treatment
- Topical Creams (prescription only)
- Over-the-counter medications
To help prevent developing plantar warts, avoid walking barefoot over abrasive surfaces that can cause cuts or wounds for HPV to get into. Avoiding direct contact with other warts, as well as not picking or rubbing existing warts, can help prevent the further spread of plantar warts. However, if you think you have developed plantar warts, speak to your podiatrist. He or she can diagnose the warts on your feet and recommend the appropriate treatment options.
If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Westfield and Newark, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.Read more about All About Plantar Warts
A fungal infection that affects the skin of the feet is referred to as athlete’s foot. It is considered to be contagious, and this type of fungus lives and thrives in warm and moist environments. These can include public pools, shower room floors, and surrounding areas. Methods can be implemented which may help to prevent athlete’s foot from developing. It is helpful to wear appropriate shoes while in these areas, and to refrain from sharing shoes, socks, and towels. Some of the symptoms that are associated with this ailment often include severe itching between the toes and on the soles of the feet, redness, and in severe cases, blisters may form. Applying an anti-fungal powder may provide moderate relief for your discomfort. If you are experiencing recurring bouts of athlete’s foot, it is strongly suggested that you consult with a podiatrist who can help you find proper treatment techniques.
Athlete’s foot is often an uncomfortable condition to experience. Thankfully, podiatrists specialize in treating athlete’s foot and offer the best treatment options. If you have any questions about athlete’s foot, consult with one of our podiatrists from Westfield Foot & Ankle Specialists. Our doctors will assess your condition and provide you with quality treatment.
What Is Athlete’s Foot?
Tinea pedis, more commonly known as athlete’s foot, is a non-serious and common fungal infection of the foot. Athlete’s foot is contagious and can be contracted by touching someone who has it or infected surfaces. The most common places contaminated by it are public showers, locker rooms, and swimming pools. Once contracted, it grows on feet that are left inside moist, dark, and warm shoes and socks.
The most effective ways to prevent athlete’s foot include:
- Thoroughly washing and drying feet
- Avoid going barefoot in locker rooms and public showers
- Using shower shoes in public showers
- Wearing socks that allow the feet to breathe
- Changing socks and shoes frequently if you sweat a lot
Athlete’s foot initially occurs as a rash between the toes. However, if left undiagnosed, it can spread to the sides and bottom of the feet, toenails, and if touched by hand, the hands themselves. Symptoms include:
- Scaly and peeling skin
Diagnosis and Treatment
Diagnosis is quick and easy. Skin samples will be taken and either viewed under a microscope or sent to a lab for testing. Sometimes, a podiatrist can diagnose it based on simply looking at it. Once confirmed, treatment options include oral and topical antifungal medications.
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Westfield and Newark, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.
Read more about Athlete’s Foot