When a child is born, the feet are often comprised of flexible and soft cartilage, and the bones will eventually harden as the teenage years approach. Research has shown there are three basic foot shapes, and this will typically become evident when the child reaches two years old. A square foot shape consists of all the toes being the same length, while a rounded shape occurs when the big toe is shorter than the second or third toe. Additionally, if the big toe is the longest of all the toes, this is known as a tapered shape. Your child will benefit by spending the majority of the day without shoes on, and this will make it easier to strengthen and exercise the feet. Shoes will become a necessity when outdoor walking begins and this will enable the feet to adapt to different surfaces. When buying a first pair of shoes for your child, it may be beneficial to choose shoes that are constructed with flexible, non-slip soles, in addition to being lightweight. Please consult with a podiatrist for additional information on how to properly care for your child’s feet.
The health of a child’s feet is vital to their overall well-being. If you have any questions regarding foot health, contact one of our podiatrists of Westfield Foot & Ankle Specialists. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
Tips for Keeping Children's Feet Healthy
- Make sure their shoes fit properly
- Look for any signs of in-toeing or out-toeing
- Check to see if they have Clubfoot (condition that affects your child’s foot and ankle, twisting the heel and toes inward) which is one of the most common nonmajor birth defects.
- Lightly cover your baby’s feet (Tight covers may keep your baby from moving their feet freely, and could prevent normal development)
- Allow your toddler to go shoeless (Shoes can be restricting for a young child’s foot)
- Cut toenails straight across to avoid ingrown toenails
- Keep your child’s foot clean and dry
- Cover cuts and scrapes. Wash any scratches with soap and water and cover them with a bandage until they’ve healed.
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Westfield and Newark, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.Read more about How to Care for Your Child's Feet
Pregnant women often experience foot conditions that may be a result of the changes the feet endure, which may be due to the additional weight. Foot pain is a common symptom, and this may occur the majority of the time, as a result of the feet becoming flat. Additional common symptoms that may affect the feet can include extreme swelling, which may also be referred to as edema, ingrown toenails, and cracked heels. The latter often occurs as a result of the additional weight, which may cause the feet to lose elasticity. The skin may become dry, and cracks may form, which is often uncomfortable and painful. Research has shown there may be preventative measures that can be implemented, which may help the feet to feel better. These may include elevating the feet as frequently during the day as possible, incorporating a gentle exercise program, and drinking plenty of fresh water as often as possible. If you are experiencing specific foot conditions, it’s helpful to consult with a podiatrist who can properly treat any foot condition you may have.
Pregnant women with swollen feet can be treated with a variety of different methods that are readily available. For more information about other cures for swollen feet during pregnancy, consult with one of our podiatrists from Westfield Foot & Ankle Specialists. Our doctors will attend to all of your foot and ankle needs.
What Foot Problems Can Arise During Pregnancy?
One problem that can occur is overpronation, which occurs when the arch of the foot flattens and tends to roll inward. This can cause pain and discomfort in your heels while you’re walking or even just standing up, trying to support your baby.
Another problem is edema, or swelling in the extremities. This often affects the feet during pregnancy but tends to occur in the later stages.
How Can I Keep My Feet Healthy During Pregnancy?
- Wearing orthotics can provide extra support for the feet and help distribute weight evenly
- Minimize the amount of time spent walking barefoot
- Wear shoes with good arch support
- Wear shoes that allow for good circulation to the feet
- Elevate feet if you experience swelling
- Massage your feet
- Get regular, light exercise, such as walking, to promote blood circulation to the feet
If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Westfield and Newark, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.Read more about Foot Care for Pregnant Women
If standing for long periods of time is part of your daily routine, you may experience a condition that is referred to as cracked heels. The skin on the heels may become thick and can produce cracks or fissures, which may often be unsightly and uncomfortable. There are some people who may be prone to developing cracked heels, including those who are overweight in addition to people who frequently wear shoes that have an open back. Cracked heels is known as a foot condition that will worsen gradually if left untreated and may lead to serious foot conditions including cellulitis. If you have developed cracked heels, it’s important to wash and dry the feet thoroughly followed by utilizing a good moisturizer daily, which will not only feel good but may aid in healing the fissures. If your heels are severely cracked, it’s suggested to speak with a podiatrist as quickly as possible who may perform specific procedures that can effectively treat this condition.
Cracked heels are unsightly and can cause further damage to your shoes and feet. If you have any concerns, contact one of our podiatrists from Westfield Foot & Ankle Specialists. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.
Cracked heels appear unappealing and can make it harder for you walk around in sandals. Aside from looking unpleasant, cracked heels can also tear stockings, socks, and wear out your shoes. There are several methods to help restore a cracked heel and prevent further damage.
How Do You Get Them?
Dry skin is the number one culprit in creating cracked heels. Many athletes, walkers, joggers, and even swimmers suffer from cracked heels. Age and skin oil production play a role to getting cracked heels as well.
Over the counter medicines can help, especially for those that need instant relief or who suffer from chronic dry feet.
Wear Socks – Wearing socks with medicated creams helps lock in moisture.
Moisturizers – Applying both day and night will help alleviate dryness which causes cracking.
Pumice Stones – These exfoliate and remove dead skin, which allows for smoother moisturizer application and better absorption into the skin.
Change in Diet
Eating healthy with a well-balanced diet will give the skin a fresh and radiant look. Your body responds to the kinds of food you ingest. Omega-3 fatty acids and zinc supplements can also revitalize skin tissue.
Most importantly, seek professional help if unsure how to proceed in treating cracked heels. A podiatrist will help you with any questions or information needed.
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our offices located in Westfield and Newark, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.Read more about Solutions for Cracked Heels
Research has shown that millions of Americans are affected by an unsightly foot condition that is known as toenail fungus. If left untreated, this contagious foot ailment may lead to additional fungal infections in different areas of the body. There are several ways to develop toenail fungus including enduring an injury to the toenail, walking barefoot around pools and surrounding areas, or having a pedicure performed, in which the tools are not properly sanitized. Some people experience this ailment from a condition that starts from within the body, which may include having a weakened immune system. It’s important that diabetic patients pay particular attention to their feet if afflicted by this condition, and treatment should commence as quickly as possible. Please consult with a podiatrist to learn about correct treatment options for toenail fungus.
Toenail Fungus Treatment
Toenail fungus is a condition that affects many people and can be especially hard to get rid of. Fortunately, there are several methods to go about treating and avoiding it.
Antifungals & Deterrence
Oral antifungal medicine has been shown to be effective in many cases. It is important to consult with a podiatrist to determine the proper regiment for you, or potentially explore other options.
Applying foot powder on the feet and shoes helps keep the feet free of moisture and sweat.
Sandals or open toed shoes – Wearing these will allow air movement and help keep feet dry. They also expose your feet to light, which fungus cannot tolerate. Socks with moisture wicking material also help as well.
If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Westfield and Newark, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.Read more about Treating Toenail Fungus