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Monday, 09 April 2018 00:00

Two Types of Achilles Tendon Injuries

Achilles tendinosis and Achilles tendon ruptures are referred to as two types of Achilles tendon injuries. Soreness and stiffness are often symptoms of tendinosis and will gradually worsen if left untreated. This is a common injury among long distance runners and can often be recognized by the severity of pain experienced while running or when touched. A tendon rupture consists of a tear or a complete break between the calf muscle and the Achilles tendon, commonly referred to as tennis leg. This typically happens when the player’s weight is on one leg while lunging to retrieve a serve, and a sharp pain is instantly felt. There may be several reasons why some people may be more susceptible to this type of injury, and these may include a genetic trait where the ankles turn inward or a weakened blood supply to the tendon. Please consult with a podiatrist for additional information about Achilles tendon injuries and the treatment options available.

Achilles tendon injuries need immediate attention to avoid future complications. If you have any concerns, contact one of our podiatrists of Westfield Foot & Ankle Specialists. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What is the Achilles Tendon?

The Achilles tendon is a tendon that connects the lower leg muscles and calf to the heel of the foot. It is the strongest tendon in the human body and is essential for making movement possible. Because this tendon is such an integral part of the body, any injuries to it can create immense difficulties and should immediately be presented to a doctor.

What are the symptoms of an Achilles Tendon Injury?

There are various types of injuries that can affect the Achilles tendon. The two most common injuries are Achilles tendinitis and ruptures of the tendon.

Achilles Tendinitis Symptoms

  • Inflammation
  • Dull to severe pain
  • Increased blood flow to the tendon
  • Thickening of the tendon

Rupture Symptoms

  • Extreme pain and swelling in the foot
  • Total immobility

Treatment and Prevention

Achilles tendon injuries are diagnosed by a thorough physical evaluation, which can include an MRI. Treatment involves rest, physical therapy, and in some cases, surgery. However, various preventative measures can be taken to avoid these injuries, such as:

  • Thorough stretching of the tendon before and after exercise
  • Strengthening exercises like calf raises, squats, leg curls, leg extensions, leg raises, lunges, and leg presses

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our offices located in Westfield and Newark, NJ. We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

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